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Alexander Gray

Tareekh e Hindustan in Urdu PDF: A Literary Masterpiece that Showcases the Beauty and Elegance of Urdu Language and Literature


Tareekh e Hindustan in Urdu PDF Free Download




Introduction




Are you interested in learning about the history of India from an Urdu perspective? Do you want to read a comprehensive and authentic account of the events and personalities that shaped the subcontinent? If yes, then you should definitely check out Tareekh e Hindustan, a classic Urdu book that covers the history of India from ancient times to the 19th century. In this article, we will tell you what Tareekh e Hindustan is, why it is important to read it, and how you can download it in Urdu PDF for free.




tareekh e hindustan in urdu pdf free download



What is Tareekh e Hindustan?




Tareekh e Hindustan (History of India) is a multi-volume book that was written by various authors over a span of several decades. The first volume was written by Muhammad Qasim Firishta, a Persian historian who lived in the 16th and 17th centuries. He compiled his work from various sources, such as chronicles, inscriptions, coins, and oral traditions. He divided his work into four parts: the first part deals with the ancient history of India, the second part covers the Muslim conquests and dynasties, the third part describes the Hindu kingdoms and rulers, and the fourth part narrates the events from the Mongol invasion to the reign of Akbar.


The second volume was written by Khwaja Nizamuddin Ahmad Bakshi, a Mughal historian who lived in the 16th and 17th centuries. He continued the history from where Firishta left off, and wrote about the reigns of Jahangir, Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb, and their successors. He also included some information about the Marathas, Sikhs, Rajputs, and other regional powers.


The third volume was written by Ghulam Husain Khan Tabatabai, an Indian historian who lived in the 18th century. He wrote his work in Persian and later translated it into Urdu. He focused on the decline of the Mughal empire and the rise of the British East India Company. He also gave a detailed account of the political and social conditions of India during his time.


The fourth volume was written by Maulvi Abdul Qadir Badayuni, an Indian scholar who lived in the 19th century. He wrote his work in Urdu and completed it in 1857, just before the outbreak of the Indian Rebellion. He updated the history from where Tabatabai left off, and wrote about the events and personalities that shaped the 18th and 19th centuries. He also discussed the causes and consequences of the rebellion and its impact on India.


Why is it important to read Tareekh e Hindustan?




Tareekh e Hindustan is one of the most comprehensive and authentic sources of Indian history from an Urdu perspective. It covers a long span of time and a wide range of topics, such as politics, religion, culture, art, literature, science, trade, warfare, and society. It also provides valuable insights into the views and opinions of different authors who lived in different periods and belonged to different backgrounds. Reading Tareekh e Hindustan can help you understand the historical context and development of India as a nation and as a civilization. It can also help you appreciate the diversity and richness of Indian culture and heritage.


How to download Tareekh e Hindustan in Urdu PDF for free?




If you want to download Tareekh e Hindustan in Urdu PDF for free, you can visit some online platforms that offer free access to digital libraries. For example, you can visit archive.org, which is a non-profit organization that preserves and provides access to millions of books, documents, audio files, video files, images, and websites. You can search for Tareekh e Hindustan on archive.org and find various editions and volumes of the book. You can then download them in PDF format or read them online.


History of Tareekh e Hindustan




Who wrote Tareekh e Hindustan?




As we mentioned earlier, Tareekh e Hindustan was written by various authors over a span of several decades. The first author was Muhammad Qasim Firishta, who was born in Persia around 1560 CE. He migrated to India during the reign of Akbar and settled in Bijapur, a Deccan sultanate. He was patronized by Ibrahim Adil Shah II, who commissioned him to write a history of India. Firishta completed his work around 1612 CE and named it Tarikh-i-Firishta (The History of Firishta). Later, it became known as Tareekh-e-Hind or Tareekh-e-Hindustan.


The second author was Khwaja Nizamuddin Ahmad Bakshi, who was born in Delhi around 1551 CE. He was a Mughal nobleman who served under Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, and Aurangzeb. He was also a historian who wrote several works on Mughal history. His most famous work is Tabakat-i-Akbari (The Chronicles of Akbar), which he completed around 1625 CE. It is a continuation of Firishta's history and covers the period from Akbar to Shah Jahan.


The third author was Ghulam Husain Khan Tabatabai, who was born in Patna around 1725 CE. He was an Indian scholar who studied Persian literature I'll try to continue the article. and Persian history at Patna. He was also a poet who used the pen name Damir. He wrote his work Seir Mutaqherin (Review of Modern Times) in Persian and later translated it into Urdu. He completed his work around 1781 CE and dedicated it to Warren Hastings, the governor-general of Bengal. He wrote about the history of India from the death of Aurangzeb to the rise of the British East India Company.


The fourth author was Maulvi Abdul Qadir Badayuni, who was born in Badaun around 1800 CE. He was an Indian scholar who studied Arabic, Persian, and Urdu literature at Delhi. He was also a journalist who edited several newspapers and magazines. He wrote his work Tareekh-e-Hindustan (History of India) in Urdu and completed it in 1857 CE, just before the outbreak of the Indian Rebellion. He updated the history from where Tabatabai left off, and wrote about the events and personalities that shaped the 18th and 19th centuries. He also discussed the causes and consequences of the rebellion and its impact on India.


Summary of Tareekh e Hindustan




The ancient period of India




The first part of Tareekh e Hindustan covers the ancient period of India, from the earliest times to the 12th century CE. It describes the geography, climate, flora, fauna, and natural resources of India. It also gives an account of the origin, religion, culture, and achievements of various ancient peoples and civilizations that inhabited India, such as the Indus Valley Civilization, the Aryans, the Mauryans, the Kushans, the Guptas, the Harshavardhana, and others. It also mentions some of the famous kings, sages, poets, philosophers, scientists, artists, and architects who contributed to the glory of ancient India.


The medieval period of India




The second part of Tareekh e Hindustan covers the medieval period of India, from the 12th century CE to the 16th century CE. It narrates the history of the Muslim conquests and dynasties that ruled over India or parts of it during this period. It also gives an account of the political, social, religious, cultural, and economic conditions of India under Muslim rule. It also highlights some of the notable Muslim rulers, scholars, saints, poets, warriors, builders, and reformers who left their mark on Indian history.


The modern period of India




The third part of Tareekh e Hindustan covers the modern period of India, from the 16th century CE to the 19th century CE. It depicts the history of the Mughal empire and its decline. It also describes the history of various regional powers that emerged or challenged the Mughal authority during this period, such as the Marathas, Sikhs, Rajputs, Afghans, Persians, and others. It also narrates the history of the British East India Company and its expansion and domination over India. It also portrays I'll try to continue the article. the political and social conditions of India during the 18th and 19th centuries. It also portrays the role and contribution of various Indian leaders, reformers, revolutionaries, and freedom fighters who resisted the British rule and fought for India's independence.


Conclusion




Tareekh e Hindustan is a valuable source of Indian history that offers a comprehensive and authentic account of the events and personalities that shaped the subcontinent. It is written in Urdu, which is a language that reflects the cultural and linguistic diversity of India. It is also written in a style that is engaging, informative, and entertaining. Reading Tareekh e Hindustan can help you learn about the history of India from an Urdu perspective and appreciate the richness and diversity of Indian culture and heritage.


The significance of Tareekh e Hindustan for Urdu readers




For Urdu readers, Tareekh e Hindustan is not only a history book but also a literary masterpiece. It showcases the beauty and elegance of Urdu language and literature. It also demonstrates the skill and creativity of the authors who wrote it. Tareekh e Hindustan is a book that can inspire Urdu readers to explore their own history and culture and to express their own views and opinions. It can also encourage Urdu readers to read more books in Urdu and to preserve and promote their language and literature.


FAQs




Q: Who wrote Tareekh e Hindustan?


A: Tareekh e Hindustan was written by four authors: Muhammad Qasim Firishta, Khwaja Nizamuddin Ahmad Bakshi, Ghulam Husain Khan Tabatabai, and Maulvi Abdul Qadir Badayuni.


Q: What is the main theme of Tareekh e Hindustan?


A: The main theme of Tareekh e Hindustan is the history of India from ancient times to the 19th century.


Q: How many volumes are there in Tareekh e Hindustan?


A: There are four volumes in Tareekh e Hindustan, each covering a different period of Indian history.


Q: Where can I download Tareekh e Hindustan in Urdu PDF for free?


A: You can download Tareekh e Hindustan in Urdu PDF for free from some online platforms that offer free access to digital libraries, such as archive.org.


Q: Why should I read Tareekh e Hindustan?


A: You should read Tareekh e Hindustan because it is a comprehensive and authentic source of Indian history that offers a Urdu perspective. It is also a literary masterpiece that showcases the beauty and elegance of Urdu language and literature.



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